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 Fire Doors: Their Importance And Use

Fire doors are doors that have been purposely built to stop the the expansion of smoke, fire, and hazardous gases within a structure in the case of an emergency. Their main goal is to save lives, and they are extremely important in ensuring the well-being of the residents as well as the security of the property. 

The vast majority of establishments, including homes, public structures, offices, and even factories, must have them as a necessary component of their passive fire prevention system. Do you want to learn more about this type of door? Keep reading.

The Primary Purposes of Fire Doors 

These doors are made to stop the spread of fire for a certain amount of time, often at least 30 minutes. In the case of a fire, this gives individuals enough time to use an escape route to flee the building if other options are blocked.

The frame, door leaf, and all fixtures and fittings that are part of the fire door are all engineered parts. They may be solid or constructed with a unique core, frequently flax board or a wood mix. In order to prevent fire or smoke from spreading around the borders of the door, they will be equipped with intumescent seals, which are mounted in the frame or leaf and seal the entrance on impact with heat. Similar smoke seals will be installed on doors to stop smoke from entering during the initial phases of a fire.

As this is crucial to the door’s functioning in the event of a fire, fire-assessed doors have to be installed correctly, in line with the manufacturer’s instructions, and include the stated ironmongery as well as other facilities that certify the door unit has been originally subject to fire testing. 

Maintenance of Fire Doors

These doors must undergo routine inspections because they are crucial to life safety. The frequency will depend on a number of variables, such as the door’s age, condition, and amount of use. For instance, a fire door guarding a stairway will be used a lot more often than one installed in a boiler room. 

Additionally, these doors are meticulously constructed for fire safety measures, so they should always be installed properly by a qualified installation. They should also be examined and maintained by qualified individuals.

Things You Have to Check Before Installing Fire Doors

Verify the certification

Modern fire-resistant doors should have a label at the top (or occasionally on the side) or a coloured plug to indicate that they are certified fire-resistant doors. Older doors, however, might not have such labels or marks. They might lack any intumescent or smoky seals but may have a 25mm doorstop instead, making their layout and structure different from an increasingly modern door set. 

When a view panel with other glazing is included in the leaf, it must be correctly placed and fire-resistant. While wired glass is often put in fire-resistant doors, clear panels should also be checked to see if they have an appropriate engraved mark (often in one corner) indicating that they are of the fire-resistant variety.

The Gaps

Surrounding a burning door or framework should always be less than 4mm; therefore, measure them. To test this, use a £1 coin within 3mm in diameter. If the gaps are severe or uneven, the leaf frame may need to be adjusted; otherwise, replacement might be the only option. It is important to inspect a leaf and frame to make sure they are not bent or distorted. Cupped, warped, or bowed doors are difficult to fix and frequently need to be replaced.

Assess The Seals

The intumescent and combustion seals, which are frequently combined, around the more modern ablaze door are essential to maintaining its performance in a fire. If these seals are missing or damaged, the door’s performance in a fire may be compromised.

Verify The Hinges 

The integrity and the steel door may be jeopardised in a fire if the hinges have not been tightly fastened, have broken or missing screws, are unclean, or are leaking. These problems call for maintenance. Well-maintained hinges can save you a lot of time.

What Materials Are Used For Fire Doors?

Gypsum, aluminium, steel, and combinations of these materials can all be used to create these doors. Additionally, they may have windows with anti-shattering wire mesh and windows constructed of borosilicate or ceramic glass, offering greater passive fire protection than regular glass.

These doors have frames to improve their ability to put out fires; any gaps are covered with a silicone-based safety-resistant sealant. These are sometimes coupled with an intumescent strip, which swells in the presence of heat and is fastened to the bottom of steel doors, preventing smoke from penetrating underneath.


In order to prevent the spreading of fire and ensure the secure fleeing of residents, fire doors are essential components of building security. There are ways to preserve the quality of these doors and improve overall fire safety by abiding by rules, performing routine inspections, and hiring qualified experts. Never forget to get advice from a fire safety expert for any specific questions about fire-resistant doors or if you need help with their setup and upkeep.

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